What is a public library and their characteristics and functions


Dr. Ranganathan defines Public Library states that "Public Libraries are those which are established by society, for the society itself and provide every citizen of the society a favorable opportunity to get education itself.

The Public Library is the Library "established by the public, supported and managed by the public and used means get education by the public".

Public libraries are libraries serving the public. They freely engage in service of all sections of society at all times without discrimination.

Public Library is known by its definition that its operation is run by public funds and it is run by the provincial and national governments. The notion of the public library is a product of democratic governance.

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Characteristics of Public Libraries


1. They are run by public funds.

2. They are open to all the people of the society freely without any discrimination of caste, class, and gender.

3. They provide free service to their users (readers).

4. They act as supporting centers of educational institutions.

5. They themselves are important centers of education.

Functions of Public Libraries


In public libraries the following tasks are done for users:

1. Access to tools of information and education - Access to tools of information and education - The primary function of public libraries is the means of information and education literature (tools such as books, magazines, etc.) for meeting the information needs of local people. Compile and administer so that users can access these tools easily.

These libraries provide direct, easy, and independent access to readers for use by arranging the study material of their collections by applying new methods in cataloging, classification indexing, and documentation work and services.

2. Promotion of Formal Self Education - Public libraries are an institution on which older people depend more on their education. Public libraries provide study material to increase the intelligence, knowledge, and value of such persons.

As an example, we can see that through our own education, our farmers can achieve mastery in their work related to agriculture, etc., which proves that the library, especially the public library, will play an active role in the form of formal self-education. Huh.

3. Progress in Cultural and Social Activities - Any society is made up of individuals consisting of people related to many languages, religions, occupations and work, and many types of social and cultural groups are seen.

Public libraries provide useful textual material to all these groups for conducting their activities and at the same time, they also display films or dramas, etc. from their level and also arrange a reading room for cultural and social groups.

Thus public libraries play their important role in cultural and social activities.

4. Preservation of the Material - An essential function of public libraries is to identify and analyze the cultural material located in their area.

This type of material may contain instruments of art, painting, literary works or music, etc. These materials are the past material of the local people, which symbolize the self-respect and achievements of the individuals. The public library searches for them and collects them at their place. Separate departments are set up in public libraries for these goods and works in countries like America and New Zealand.

Thus we see that any citizen using the material stored in public libraries is helpful in his personal progress as well as in the progress of his society, state, and country.