Internet in Library Services | Used, Importance, Tools of the Internet in Library Services

Internet is a joint network of thousands of millions of independent networks, in which each network is connected through a means by which it exchanges information with other networks. Normally information and data are exchanged by the Internet.

The emergence and development of the Internet - The Internet originated in 1970 in a Network called "ARPANET" developed by ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency).

It was first used to transfer information under the U.S. Department of Defense and was later adopted by the educational community in the creation of educational networks for the exchange of information.

Net access became accessible to the public in the year 1980 as Netwerk Technology used Ethernet for client servers and LANs making it easy for users to access the networks.

In the 1990s The Internet was created by combining 60000 Networks. The basic description of the Internet is described as "Network of Networks" which acts as a cooperative with minimal supervision.

The participating networks agree to common protocols and rules and have no authorized charge or control.

The Internet is a world-class network structure built in conjunction with the majority Computer Network." In technical parlance, "the Internet is a large, search-facilitated, dynamic, widely available, distributed multi-platform information system with multiple Has normal capabilities.

Internet used in Library Services
Internet Use in Library Services

There are two specific parts related to the internet

(1) Communication Network - A communication network that is a vast network of interconnected local area and wide area networks (WAN), telephone lines, cables, fiber-optics, and satellite links, which provide a medium for transferring information from the Internet. Let's make it happen.

(2) Computer - which actually collects data and modifies it which is available for network transmission.

Tools of Internet

The following are the main tools of the Internet:

(i) E-mail - This is the most used application. The biggest reason for being attracted to it is its speed. It is more powerful than paper mail. Documents, Programme, Photos and Sound can be easily communicated through e-mail.

(ii) FTP (File Transfer Protocol) - This allows users to access and retrieve files to remote locations.

(iii) Telnet - Telnet is an important application of this. This is a device through which we can reach the door of another network.

(iv) Usenet - Usenet provides us with the facility through which messages can be sent to a specific person or group.

(v) WWW (World Wide Web) - WWW is a multimedia part of the Internet that displays Hyper Text type of structure and search facilities.

Importance of the Internet in Library Service

In modern times, Internet technology is being used by libraries to provide information access to their consumers. Libraries are facilitating many services through the Internet. This is how we can see the importance of the Internet in library service.

(1) Document distribution - Many libraries are providing document discovery and distribution services through the Internet. The Internet is a powerful medium in the document delivery area and this allows users to easily access documents through libraries.

(2) Library catalog - Most of the libraries are providing their obstetricians through the internet, OPAC is important in this type of service. Through this, the Library catalog is easily available to the user and is a convenience to the user.

(3) Connection of remote information - Remote information is used by the Internet and connection with information sources is established globally. Thus the library makes resource participation easier.

(4) Commercial transactions - Many types of shopping and commercial transactions can be done on the Internet. Through the Internet, the selection of books, purchases by the library becomes easy. E-commerce is its major medium.

(5) Community information - Different communities are often providing access to information through their public libraries such as library catalogs, tourism information, etc. The Internet is playing an important role in this.

(6) Message exchange - Message can be easily exchanged in the user and library through E-mail. Through this, the reservation of books and inter-library loan facility is available.

(7) For an update - Both libraries and users can remain updated through the internet. And you can use it by connecting documents.

(8) Home page combination - Home pages are combined with electronic text databases and other Internet resources by libraries. This makes it easier to provide information services.

Conclusion - Thus we see that considerable development of library service is possible using the Internet. Several directories are available to guide the proper use of Internet resources in libraries.

The most important directory in it is "BUBL: Bulletin Board for Libraries". BUBL is an information service designed to provide strength to library and information professionals. Through this, Internet resources can be used efficiently by libraries. 

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