NISSAT Objectives, Structure, Activities, & Functions

The full form of NISSAT is National Information System in Science and Technology. The role of NISSAT is important for linking and coordinating information resources, information systems, and services available in India.

Firstly due to efforts to establish an information system in the field of science and technology, NISAT was established in 1975, and the program started completely in 1977, which was under the Department of Science and Technology.

The role of science and technology in the economic and social development of the country has increased extensively. In this situation, the transfer of technology has become necessary so that in addition to the information produced in your country, the information produced abroad can be benefited from research and development work.

NISSAT is playing an important role in this direction and is fulfilling the information needs of various industries and research work etc.

Objectives of NISSAT

The objectives of NISSAT are as follows: -

1. To obtain national scientific information.

2. Co-ordination of scientific information sources, information services, and information systems of the nation.

3. Detection and removal of defects in information sources, information equipment, and information services.

4. To provide support in research work.

5. To fulfill the information requirement of various sections.

6. Establish a scientific information system at the national level.

7. To use the latest information technology and technology for the advancement of information services.

8. To create a standard for information exchange at the international level.

9. Availability of at least one copy of the publication in the scientific literature.

10. To arrange training, seminars, etc. of information scientists.

NISSAT - National Information System in Science and Technology

Organization Structure of NISSAT

NISSAT is structured on four levels:

1. National Information Center is the apex body. National Information Centers of all regions are responsible for coordinating information services at the level. Such centers are dedicated to the national level.

National Information Center is as follows: -
  • INSDOC (Insdock)
  • DESIDOC (Desidoc)
  • BARC LIBRARY (Bark Library)

Its functions are:

1. Document Collection Development
2. National Union List Making
3. C.A.S Providing Service
4. Training
5. Providing translation service.

2. Regional Information Center: - At the second level, regional information centers or areas continue to work for the full use of the information sources available in the areas. Its main function is to strive for regional use for the complete use of information sources.

Its functions are:

  • Survey on the information source.
  • Build list.
  • The fulfillment of all the needs of this region
  • Construction of standards and patents
  • Photocopying service etc.

The following are examples of Regional Information Centers:

IIT Bombay (IIT Bombay), Central Leather Research Institute (Central Leather Research Institute), etc.

3. Sectoral Information Center - Zonal Information Center has been established at the third level. These centers are user-oriented and specialized in their functions.

A. Collection of documents
B. Training them
C. Establish cooperation with foreign information centers and business establishments. These centers are often associated with industrial areas such as:

Food Technology Research Institute (Food Technology Research Institute), Drugs Research Institute (Drug Research Institute), Chemical Technology, etc.

4. Local Information Center - At the local level, such centers fulfill the needs of the personnel of their parent institutions. This center comes at the last and lower level of the program. Such centers in India basically provide information to their parent organization.

NISSAT Activities and Functions

1. Acquisition - To make available a copy of all scientific literature published in the national science library so that the scientist can use them. The policy is formulated to ensure that publications do not have unnecessary repetitions.

2. Union Catalog - To make a union list of documents available in various information centers and establish interconnection so that information can be obtained from a list of which information is available in which information center.

3. C.A.S Services - For the development of information services, the present information tools, and services have been developed. The C.A.S and SDI services provided by the National Information Center are important.

4. S.D.I. Service - SDI service is provided under this. INSDOC provided SDI service in 1976 with the help of available computers at IIT Madras as an experiment.

5. Information service for industries - In order for information about science and technology to small and big industries in the country, it is important to note that they need more practical information. This system is first in providing information related to industry business.

6. Training in Information Science - Programs are organized every year under the training on the subjects of continuous development in Information Science, the use of computers, etc.

7. Promotion of research work - Due to the importance of research work, research work is being promoted. Research in informatics is also being conducted by INSDOCK.

8. International Co-operation - Its main function is international cooperation. Through this, UNESCO, FID, INIS, etc. participate in many programs.

Documentation and information center systems in different countries have different types of the organization at the national level. The establishment and operation of information centers at the national level in India are the responsibility of the appropriate agency of the government.

Under this, the national level information system (NISSAT) which is run by various departments of the government are governed by the Department of Science and Technology. Which is playing an important role in the transmission of the information at the national level.

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